户外运动常用英语大全

时间:2016-02-09 00:52 来源:网络 作者:佚名

个人装备 Personal equipment
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登山靴 Climbing boots
防寒运动靴 Snow training shows
爬岩鞋 Climbing shoes
毛衬衫 Woolen Shirt
登山裤 Climbing trousers
运动衣裤 Training wear
毛内衣裤 Woolen undershirts
毛袜 Woolen socks
毛手套 Woolen glove
丝手套 Silk glove
棉手套 Cotton glove
毛衣 Sweater
风雨衣 Jaket(Windbreaker)
外裤 Over-trousers
外手套 Over-gloves
外鞋罩 Long spats
防寒帽 Bataclave
高处帽 High altitude cap
太阳帽 Glacier cap
太阳镜 Sunglasses
睡垫 Mattress
鸭绒睡垫 Down sleeping bag
鸭绒衣 Down jacket
鸭绒裤 Down trousers
鸭绒背心 Down vest
鸭绒袜 Down tent shoes/slippers
睡袋套 Sleeping bag cover
背包 Duffel bag
整理袋 Stuff bag
冰爪 Grampons
冰爪带 Grampons strap
冰爪袋 Grampons case
外靴 Over-shoes
安全帽 Helmet
冰镐 Ice axe(PIckel)
安全带 Harness
铁锁 Carabiner with safety ring
铁锁 Carabmer
小绳套 Sling
下降器 Eight rings
上升器 Jumat,Jumar clamp
水壶 Thermos
水壶 Water bottle
头灯 Headlamp
指南针 Compass
刀子 Knife
餐具 Plate and bowl
匙子 Fork and spoon
缝纫工具箱 Sewing set
唇膏 Lip cream
绳子 Nylon rope
整理袋 Chalk bag
干电池 Dry cell
手纸 Tissue pape
急用食品 Emergency equipment
火柴 Matches
打火机 Lighter
雪杖 Ski stock
鸭绒手套 Down gloves(小利整理)


共同装备 General equipment
========================
登山绳 Climbing rope
固定绳 Fixed rope
冰锤 Ice hammer
冰杖 Ice axe
岩石锥 Rock piton
冰锥 Ice piton
一套固定器具 Jumping set
胀式岩石锥 Boit
铁锁 Carabiner
小绳套 Climbing tape,sling
雪杖 Ice stake
背架 Frame carrier
小挂梯 Tape ladder-Rope ladder
金属梯 Wire ladder
梯子 Ladder
标志杆 Marking pole/Marker pole
标志红布 Marker flag
雪锥 Snow anthor
军用帐篷 Base house(large)tent
军用帐篷 Base camp(large)tent/Mess tent
帐篷 Base camp sleeping tent
高山帐篷 High attitude tent
帐篷垫 Ground sheet
煤气炉 Gas range
煤气罐 Gas cylinder
煤气灯 Gas lamp
兰苫布 Fly sheet
雪铲 Snow shovel
雪锯 Snow saw
药品 Medicine
轻便帐篷 Bivouac tent
汽油炉 Gasoline/Oil stove
发电机 Generator
照明灯 Lamp
蜡烛 Candle
镐 Pick axe
铁锹 Shovel
炊具 Cooking equipment
捆包箱 Packing box
捆包带 Packing tape
胶带 Adhesive tape
秤 Scale
国旗 Flag
文具 Stationery
工具 Tools
氧气瓶 Oxygen cylinder
氧气面罩调节器 Regulator
高度计 Altometer
温度计 Thermometer
双筒望远镜 Binoculars
报话机 Transceiver
照相机 Camer
a胶卷 Film
干电池 Dry battery
滑雪板 Ski(小利整理)


登山用语 Technical Terms(Climbing)
=============================
大本营 Base camp
前进营地 Attack base camp
1号营地 Camp one
突击营地 Attack camp
冰塔 Cerack camp
冰瀑区 Ice fall
陡峭的岩沟 Gully
明裂缝 Crevasse
暗裂缝 Hiddent crevasse
平台 Plateau
雪沟 Couloir
尖峰 Pinnacle
刃状山脊 Knife ridge
坳部 Col
悬冰川 Hanging glacier
岩石山脊 Rock ridge
雪山脊 Snow ridge
雪壁 Snow face/wall
冰壁 Ice face/wall
横切 Traverse
开路 Snow plough,To break the trail
雪崩 Avalanche
暴风雪 Snow storm
联成结组 To rope up
自我保护 Self belay
保护地点 Belaying point
同时攀登 Moving up together
雾状天气 White out
坚硬的冰 Blue ice
山凹 Gap
岩石小裂缝 Crack
冰镐尖 Pick
冰镐刃部 Blade
冰镐反把 Shaft
冰镐前端 Spitze
事故 Accident
进山路线 Approach
山谷地形 Kar
坡 Slope
行军计划 Schedule,Acting plan
支援 Support
保护 Belay
落脚点 Stance
刨台阶 Step cut
雪檐 Cornice
第一台阶 The first step
顶峰 Top
冰柱 Icicle
帐篷柱 Tent pole
山口 Pass
冰川 Glacier
冰原 Ice field
冰舌 Ice tongue
露宿 Bivouac
冰碛 Moraine(小利整理)


登山活动 Climbing
=================
行军计划 Schedule,Acting Plan
走吧 Let’s go! Let’s start
休息吧 Let’s(take a)rest/break!
上去吧 Let’s go up to
上,登,攀 Climb/go up
下 Go down/descend
结组 Roped-up team
固定绳索 To fix a rope
保护 To belay
做自我保护
打锥 To drive a piton(into the ice/rock)
打雪杖 To drive in an ice stake
挂铁锁 To fix(attack) a carabiner
挂小绳套 To put a sling
穿绳索 To thread the rope
那么,开始爬 I am coming up now
拉绳索
松绳索 To rappel
到了 Here we are
解除保护 Belay off!
已做好保护 Ready for belay!
绳索固定好了 I have fixed the rope
可以走了 You can come up. OK,come up!
联成结组 To rope up
把~用在这里 Let’s use——for it!
架梯子 To set a ladder
打开报话机 To call(up)
联络的时间到了 It is time to call
固定~ To fix
好了 To release
~有危险 It is dangerous that
~因为有危险 It is dangerous,because of
快快走吧 Let’s hurry up!
慢慢走吧 Let’s take easily!
右边的裂缝 Crevasse to the right
最左边的岩石 The peak on the far left
右边的岩沟 The gully on your right
那个岩石后面的平地 The plateau behind the rock
前面的雪桥 The snow bridge in from
(咱们)走吧 Let’s go!
算了吧 Let’s stop!
回去吧 Let’s go back
你走前面吧 You go first
我走前面 I will go first
右边的~ On your right. On the right
左边的~ On your left. On the left
前面的~ In front
那边的~ Opposite. The orther side
这边的~ This side
上边的~ Above
下边的~ Below
里边的~ Inside
~的后面的~ Behind
~的前面的~ In front of
装冰爪 To put on crampons
绑好冰爪带子 To tie up crampons straps
背背包 To put on a rucksack
放下背包 To take off a rucksack
从背包里拿出来 To take out from a rucksack
把~放进背包里 To put in a rucksack
拿~ To take
支援 Support
之字形攀登 Zigzag
落脚点 Stance
刨台阶 To cut steps,Step-cutting
第一台阶 The first step
露宿 Bivouac
固定保护绳索 Fix
~有雪崩的危险 There is a danger of avalanche
请把雪拿进来,请拿块雪来 To gather snow
请点火 To light the slove
请把~取出来 Take it out
请准备~ Prepare…,Get…ready…
搅一搅 To mix up to
化雪 To melt snow
作开水 To make water
把~装入水壶 To put into thermos
把~放进锅里 To put into the cooker
盖上锅盖儿 To put in the lid on the cooker
盛饭 To serve in a dish
开始吃饭吧
吃饱了
甜 Sweet
辣 Hot
咸 Salty
淡 Not enough seasoning
吃 To eat
喝 To drink
煮 To boil
作 To cook
烧 To bake
炒 To fry
切碎 To chop
把~整理一下 To clear up, To clean up
睡觉吧 Let’s sleep
明天几点起床 What time shall we get up?
垃圾 Rubbish, Garbage, Trash
垃圾袋 Rubbish bag
把雪块堆起来 To place blocks
把~绑紧 To fasten stay
搭帐篷 To pitch tent(camp)
叠帐篷 To break camp
打开~ To open
把~关上 To close(小利整理)


对话
=============================
LOTUS要我找一些户外英语的资料,最近由于工作越来越多,英语已经慢慢荒淡了,所以只得急匆匆
翻了翻手头现有的材料,找出一些大家经常会说的话,内容不多,也不是很贴切,望见谅,以后我会多注
意相关的材料,希望大家旅途既开阔眼界,于英语也能有所增益。

It’s killing me. 折磨死我了
You flatter me. 你太夸我了
Beats me! 把我考倒了; 我也不懂
Count me in 把我也算进去; 我也要参加入
Stay in touch. 保持联络!
Hit the road. 上路了
Give it a shot! 试试看!
Got you! (骗、吓...)到你了吧!
Oh, boy! 乖乖! 唉呀! 真是!
all set 都准备妥当
Say cheese. (照相时)笑一个
My hands are tied 我无能为力
maxed out 累惨了 I’m totally maxed out.
Way to go! 作得好!; 加油!
Take it easy. 别紧张
Get out of here! 少骗我了!; 少来了!
Was my face red! 我真是非常不好意思
play by ear 看情况决定
Eat your heart out 嫉妒吧!
Suck it up! 算了吧! 不要再抱怨了好不好!
get ripped off 被敲竹杠
What a deal! 好便宜!
changed mind 改变主意
perish the thought 打消念头
Get out of the car! 下车
May god be with you. 愿上帝保佑你。
to wait patiently 耐心等待
to ride a motorcycle 骑摩托车
to travel by ship 乘船旅行
to row a boat 划小舟
A rainbow appears. 彩虹出现了。
to walk in a high wind 在强风中行走
to hang out the wash 晒干衣服
to wait hungrily 饿着肚子等着
What’s so funny? 什幺事那幺好笑?
to snore 打鼾

To plan a mountain climbing expedition. 计划登山探险。
Why don’t you change your route? 你们为什幺不变更路线呢?
What lives in there? 那里面生存着什幺呀?
I’m crazy about climbinging. 我热衷于登山运动。
Mountain-climbing is difficult. 登山是困难的事。
Hiking gives you time to think. 郊游可以使你有时间思考。
Camping with a group is fun. 大伙露营是趣味横生的事。
Nature is the best physician. 自然是最佳的医生。

let sleeping dogs lie (劝人家)不要招惹不需要的麻烦
Do you have the tickets, or not? 你到底有没有买票?
I know where you’re coming from. 我懂你的感觉。
You’ve got no ID card, boy! 你是小孩吧,怎幺没带身份证呀。
Wow! It’s packed. 哇! 好多人啊.
Face it. 面对现实吧!
Watch where you’re going! 走路要看路!
What are the landmarks around there? 那附近有没有什么明显的建筑物没有?
Pictures time! 照相了!
Could you take a picture for me? 你能不能帮我照张相?
You are very photogenic. 你非常上相.

It won’t be long before we hit the road.
离我们上路的时间不久了.

We continued to struggle up the steep slope of the mountain.
我们为了攀登山的陡坡,不断地倍尝辛劳。

Ouch! I fell down and cut my knee!
好痛呦!我跌倒割伤了膝盖!

All the figures tally with the projected total.
合计和预算的总额一致。

We are of the same mind, so let us act quickly.
我们心意一致,所以及早行动吧。

The adventure had been planned for quite a while.
那项冒险曾经作了长期的周详计划。

From the mountain, you can look off across the valley.
你可以从那座山眺望谷间远处的那边。

Look over to the southeast and you can see the con stellation of Orion.
眺望东南方向,你就可以看到猎户星座。

We can’t fly our kites any more because the wind has stopped.
由于风静止,所以已经没法放风筝了。

I wish I were running across an open field.
我真希望在原野奔跑。

A:Thank you for your help. I really appreciate it.
A: 谢谢你的帮忙, 我真的很感谢。
B: Any time.
B: 不客气!

A: Do you want to come in for some tea?
A: 你要不要进来喝个茶呢?
B: No. I’m running late. I really need to hit the road.
B: 不了。我快迟到了, 得上路了。

A: Excuse me. I have to catch some Zs.
A: 抱歉! 我想小睡一下。
B: I thought you just woke up. Sleepy head.
B: 我以为你才刚睡醒。爱睡虫。

A: Dan forgot his map?
A: Dan 忘了带地图了吗?
B: Yep! And he’s bound to lose his way.
B: 是的! 他铁定要迷路了。

A: What time are we going home today?
A: 我们今天什幺时候回家啊?
B: I don’t know. I think we should just play by ear and have a good time out today.
B: 不知道。我想我们应该(出来了)就好好的玩, 看情形再说啰!

A: How about going hiking with us?
A: 一起去郊游可以吗?
B: Sounds good to me. Where do you want to go?
B: 很好啊,你想去哪?
A: Let’s go up to the mountains. It should be beautiful there.
A: 上山吧,那里景色应该很不错
B: OK. Just give me a few minutes to get ready.
B: 行,我马上准备好

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